There are now more contraception methods available to us than ever before. But which method is the right one? Well, that all depends on your individual situation and needs. As with most things, there is no universal “best” option here.
However, part of deciding on which method is the most suitable for you is knowing what is actually available. Here are the different types of contraception available and some information on how they work.
One of the most common forms of birth control taken by women is combined oral contraception, or more popularly known as the pill. This is considered to be a hormonal method where female reproductive hormones (oestrogen and/or progestin in most cases) are used to prevent ovulation. When there is no ovulation, no eggs are available to be fertilised.
Besides the pill, other hormonal methods of birth control include contraceptive patches, vaginal rings, and injectable birth control. The thing to remember is that these hormonal methods are short-acting. To ensure effective use, they have to be used on a regular basis according to strict timing.
Long-Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC)
Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) methods are becoming more and more popular these days. We generally hear them referred to as IUDs and implants. Basically, they are meant to stay in place for years at a time, providing effective long-lasting birth control without a pill.
Implants are small devices that are inserted under the skin just below the upper arm. An implant releases progestin and has the capability of remaining in effect for as long as five years. The IUD, on the other hand, is a small device that is shaped like a T. It gets placed directly into the uterus to keep sperm from getting to the egg.
There are two main types of IUD. There is the one that releases progestin, which can last for anywhere from three to five years. There are also copper IUDs, which have the ability to last for up to a decade by emitting copper ions that are sperm-repelling.
The most common types of barrier method are diaphragms and condoms. That said, there are also female condoms, spermicidal foams, contraceptive sponges, and cervical caps. All these methods act as physical barriers that keep sperm from reaching the egg.
Unfortunately, barrier methods are not as effective at preventing pregnancy as other birth control methods as they have to be used correctly each time and run the risk of becoming dislodged. However, some of these contraceptives, such as the condom, can help prevent the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases or infections.
Take Various Factors Into Consideration
When choosing the right form of contraception, there are a few important things to consider. One’s health history, sexual partners, comfort level, and family planning considerations should all be weighed before making a choice.
Health history is perhaps the most important thing to think about. Hormonal methods, for example, could bring about certain side effects for some individuals. It is important that you consult a doctor before going on any type of contraception.
Comfort is also important. While implants and IUDs provide a greater sense of long-term reliability, you have to be comfortable with them. If the thought of an implant of some kind is not a welcome idea, it may not be the best choice for you.
Consider your partners as well. Those in committed relationships with a single person can feel comfortable with a single method of contraception. But those with multiple partners should use condoms as well to prevent the transfer of STIs.
Finally, there is the consideration of family plans. If you know that you do not want a family for at least a few years, an implant or IUD will be fine. But if you think you are ready to have kids in the very near future, a more short-term form of birth control may be best.
Consult Your Doctor
No matter what your decision is, it is always best to speak to a doctor so that you can make a more informed choice based on professional advice. You can book an appointment with us at Coolaroo Clinic in order to find out more about the various contraception methods available and see which one is the best option for you.